What does hypokinetic diseases refer to? - Studybuff.com (2023)

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What does hypokinetic diseases refer to?

Quick Reference. A disease brought on, at least in part, by insufficient movement and exercise. Hypokinesis has been identified as an independent risk factor for the origin and progression of several widespread chronic diseases, including coronary heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and lower back pain.

What is true of the term Sedentary Death Syndrome?

Sedentary Death Syndrome, or SeDS, is a growing list of health disorders that are exacerbated by lack of physical activity, causing premature disability and death. Sixty percent of all Americans are at risk, including children.

What are the risk factors of Hypokinetic disease?

Seden- tary, or inactive, living is one primary risk factor, so cardiovascular disease is considered a hypokinetic condition. Other primary risk factors that contribute to heart disease include smoking, high blood pres- sure, high fat levels in the blood, having too much body fat, or having diabetes.

Which of the following is defined as the inability of the heart muscle to pump blood at life sustaining rate?

Heart failure is a chronic, progressive condition in which the heart muscle is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs for blood and oxygen.

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What are the 6 Hypokinetic diseases?

The term hypokinetic was coined by Kraus and Raab in their book Hypokinetic Disease (Kraus & Raab, 1961). …

Blood PressureCancer

What are the different Hypokinetic diseases?

The term hypokinetic diseases describes many of the diseases and conditions associated with inactivity and poor fitness and include: obesity, metabolic syndrome, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, low back pain, type 2 diabetes, some cancers, depression and other bio-behavioral …

Why do we use par Q?

Personal trainers often use the PAR-Q to identify any reasons why their client shouldn’t start a course of physical exercise. A PAR-Q highlights any medical conditions or physical inabilities that a client may need to speak to their GP about and that the trainer may need to take into consideration during training.

What factors contribute to coronary heart disease?

  • Smoking. Smoking is a major risk factor for coronary heart disease. …
  • High blood pressure. High blood pressure (hypertension) puts a strain on your heart and can lead to CHD. …
  • High cholesterol. …
  • High lipoprotein (a) …
  • Lack of regular exercise. …
  • Diabetes. …
  • Thrombosis.

Which is true of physical activity and the heart?

Physical Activity Strengthens Your Heart and Improves Lung Function. When done regularly, moderate- and vigorous-intensity physical activity strengthens your heart muscle. This improves your heart’s ability to pump blood to your lungs and throughout your body.

How physical activity prevent Hypokinetic diseases?

Daily physical activity can help prevent heart disease and stroke by strengthening your heart muscle, lowering your blood pressure, raising your high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels (good cholesterol) and lowering low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels (bad cholesterol), improving blood flow, and increasing your heart’s …

What is physical activity and Hypokinetic disease?

Hypokinetic diseases are those conditions that. occur as a result of lack of exercise and. movement. Eg.hypokinetic diseases are obesity, diabetes, stroke, and heart disease.

What are 3 physical benefits of exercise?

Benefits of regular physical activity

  • reduce your risk of a heart attack.
  • manage your weight better.
  • have a lower blood cholesterol level.
  • lower the risk of type 2 diabetes and some cancers.
  • have lower blood pressure.
  • have stronger bones, muscles and joints and lower risk of developing osteoporosis.
  • lower your risk of falls.
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What are the 4 types of heart failure?

What are the different types of heart failure?

  • Left-sided heart failure. Left-sided heart failure is the most common type of heart failure. …
  • Right-sided heart failure. The right heart ventricle is responsible for pumping blood to your lungs to collect oxygen. …
  • Diastolic heart failure. …
  • Systolic heart failure.

How does heart failure affect the circulatory system?

When you have heart failure, your heart may not be strong enough to pump out as much blood as your body needs. As it tries to move more blood, your heart gets larger. It also pumps faster, and your blood vessels narrow to get more blood out to your body. As your heart works harder, it may become weaker.

What are the signs of worsening heart failure?

Signs of Worsening Heart Failure

  • Shortness of breath.
  • Feeling dizzy or lightheaded.
  • Weight gain of three or more pounds in one day.
  • Weight gain of five pounds in one week.
  • Unusual swelling in the legs, feet, hands, or abdomen.
  • A persistent cough or chest congestion (the cough may be dry or hacking)

What is obesity problem?

Overview. Obesity is a complex disease involving an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity isn’t just a cosmetic concern. It’s a medical problem that increases the risk of other diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and certain cancers.

What diseases are associated with a sedentary lifestyle?

Sedentary lifestyles increase all causes of mortality, double the risk of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and obesity, and increase the risks of colon cancer, high blood pressure, osteoporosis, lipid disorders, depression and anxiety.

Which is the chronic disease?

Chronic diseases are defined broadly as conditions that last 1 year or more and require ongoing medical attention or limit activities of daily living or both. Chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes are the leading causes of death and disability in the United States.

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Is depression a Hypokinetic disease?

The most common cause of Hypokinesia is Parkinson’s disease, and conditions related to Parkinson’s disease. Other conditions may also cause slowness of movements. These include hypothyroidism and severe depression. These conditions need to be carefully ruled out, before a diagnosis of Parkinsonism is made.

What are three hyperkinetic conditions?

Hyperkinetic disorders include Huntington’s chorea, hemiballismus, and dystonia.

What is Hypokinesis of the heart?

hypokinesis defined as a generalized, fairly uniform decrease. in the amplitude of left ventricular wall motion. Sixteen. patients with angiographically proven significant coronary. artery disease (at least one stenosis in a major branch of 70%

What does Par-Q stand for?

One common option for documenting informed consent is noting the acronym PARQ which can be written in the patient’s chart indicating that the provider has explained the procedures (P), viable alternatives (A), material risks (R), if any, and has asked if the patient has any questions (Q).

How long is a par-Q valid for?

4 The PAR-Q+ screening is valid for 12 months and the ePAR- med-X+ screening is valid for 6 months (to account for potential changes in health status).

Who should take the par-Q?

The PAR-Q was developed in an effort to standardize activity screening for persons aged 15-69 years.

What 3 foods cardiologists say to avoid?

Here are eight of the items on their lists:

  • Bacon, sausage and other processed meats. Hayes, who has a family history of coronary disease, is a vegetarian. …
  • Potato chips and other processed, packaged snacks. …
  • Dessert. …
  • Too much protein. …
  • Fast food. …
  • Energy drinks. …
  • Added salt. …
  • Coconut oil.

What are the 7 major risk factors for coronary heart disease?

The traditional risk factors for coronary artery disease are high LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, high blood pressure, family history, diabetes, smoking, being post-menopausal for women and being older than 45 for men, according to Fisher. Obesity may also be a risk factor.

What are the 5 major causes of heart disease?

Causes of CVD

  • High blood pressure. High blood pressure (hypertension) is one of the most important risk factors for CVD. …
  • Smoking. Smoking and other tobacco use is also a significant risk factor for CVD. …
  • High cholesterol. …
  • Diabetes. …
  • Inactivity. …
  • Being overweight or obese. …
  • Family history of CVD. …
  • Ethnic background.

What foods should you eat to have good heart health?

15 Incredibly Heart-Healthy Foods

  • Leafy Green Vegetables. Leafy green vegetables like spinach, kale and collard greens are well-known for their wealth of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. …
  • Whole Grains. …
  • Berries. …
  • Avocados. …
  • Fatty Fish and Fish Oil. …
  • Walnuts. …
  • Beans. …
  • Dark Chocolate.

Can walking reduce heart blockage?

Based on a meta-analysis, Zheng and colleagues [16] estimate that 8 MET hours/week of walking (approximately 30 minutes/day, 5 days/week, consistent with PA recommendations [1] is associated with a 19% reduction in coronary heart disease (CHD) risk.

What is the best exercise for heart disease?

Choose an aerobic activity such as walking, swimming, light jogging, or biking. Do this at least 3 to 4 times a week. Always do 5 minutes of stretching or moving around to warm up your muscles and heart before exercising.

What does hypokinetic diseases refer to? - Studybuff.com (1)

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What does Hypokinetic disease refer to? ›

Thus hypokinetic disease is a condition associated with too little physical activity or exercise. Examples include heart disease, low back pain, and Type II diabetes.

What does the term hypokinetic literally refer to quizlet? ›

The term "hypokinetic" literally refers to. lack of movement.

What are hypokinetic diseases and causes? ›

Hypokinesis, in conjunction with excess caloric intake over expenditure, leads to obesity, which can then result in the metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease (CVD), coronary heart disease, and cerebrovascular accident, or “stroke”.

What are the effects of Hypokinetic diseases? ›

Other effects of hypokinetic diseases includes heart failure, stroke, dizziness, fainting, kidney and liver infection; and atherosclerosis.

What is Hypokinetic disease Wikipedia? ›

Hypokinesia is a symptom of Parkinson's disease shown as muscle rigidity and an inability to produce movement. It is also associated with mental health disorders and prolonged inactivity due to illness, amongst other diseases. Hypokinesia. Specialty.

Is high blood pressure a Hypokinetic disease? ›

High blood pressure is a hypoki- netic condition because regular physical activity is one way to help lower blood pressure.

Which term ____ is used to describe all the diseases of the heart muscle? ›

(1) Cardiovascular disease means diseases of the heart and circulatory system. CHD is one of the most common and serious forms of cardiovascular disease and refers to diseases of the heart muscle and supporting blood vessels.

Which term refers to all diseases affecting the heart muscle quizlet? ›

Disease of heart muscle is called. Cardiomyopathy.

What is the meaning of the medical term Hyperkinesia _____ movement quizlet? ›

osteoblast. The term symphysis is defined as. growing together. The meaning of the medical term hyperkinesia is. excessive movement.

How do you overcome Hypokinetic disease? ›

Hypokinetic can be overcome or prevented by physical activity in accordance with one's abilities and needs, as expressed by Giriwijoyo, that adequate physical activity reduces the risk of early death, death by heart disease, the occurrence of diabetes mellitus, the hypertension disease, the occurrence of colon cancer, ...

How hypokinetic diseases affect personal wellness? ›

A disease brought on, at least in part, by insufficient movement and exercise. Hypokinesis has been identified as an independent risk factor for the origin and progression of several widespread chronic diseases, including coronary heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and lower back pain.

Is a Hypokinetic disease is one associated with lack of physical activity or too little regular exercise? ›

Hypo-means “under” or “too little,” and kinetic means “movement” or activity. Hypokinetic means “too little activity”. A hypokinetic disease or condition is one associated with lack of physical activity or too little regular exercise.

What are examples of hypokinetic disorders? ›

Hypokinetic movement disorders refer to akinesia (lack of movement), hypokinesia (reduced amplitude of movements), bradykinesia (slow movement), and rigidity. Parkinson's disease is an example of a hypokinetic movement disorder. In most movement disorders, speech can be affected.

What is the most common hypokinetic condition? ›

The most common type of hypokinetic movement disorder is Parkinson's disease, caused by the loss of neurons containing dopamine in the area of the brain called the substantia nigra pars compacta.

What are the diseases caused by lack of exercise? ›

It can contribute to heart disease, type 2 diabetes, several cancers, and obesity. In addition, low levels of physical activity are associated with $117 billion in health care costs every year.

What is hypokinetic simple? ›

Definition. Abnormally diminished motor activity. In contrast to paralysis, hypokinesia is not characterized by a lack of motor strength, but rather by a poverty of movement. The typical habitual movements (e.g., folding the arms, crossing the legs) are reduced in frequency. [

What is hyperkinetic disease? ›

Hyperkinetic disorders are characterized by abnormal involuntary movement. These excess movements can be regular and rhythmic, as in tremor; more sustained and patterned, as in dystonia; brief and random, as in chorea; or jerk-like and temporarily suppressible, as in tics.

What are examples of hyperkinetic diseases? ›

Hyperkinetic movement disorders include tremors, dystonia, chorea, tics, myoclonus, stereotypies, restless legs syndrome, and various other disorders with abnormal involuntary movements.

What causes Hypokinesis of the heart? ›

Hypokinesia of the Ventricles of the Heart

Zones of hypokinesia during echocardiography indicate either acute or previous myocardial infarction (postinfarction cardiosclerosis), myocardial ischemia, thickening of the myocardial walls.

What are 3 mental health benefits of physical activity? ›

Exercise can:
  • Reduce feelings of depression and stress.
  • Enhance your mood and overall emotional well-being.
  • Increase your energy level.
  • Improve sleep.

Is Parkinson's a hypokinetic disorder? ›

Parkinson's disease is the commonest form of hypokinetic disorder. The term Parkinson's disease (PD) usually encompasses idiopathic and Parkinsonian-like syndromes.

What pumps your blood? ›

Your heart pumps blood around the body all the time - about 5 litres (8 pints) of it. This is called circulation. Your heart, blood and blood vessels together make up your cardiovascular system (or heart and circulatory system).

What is an abnormal growth of tissue around the valve generally resulting from infection? ›

Infective endocarditis causes growths (vegetations) on the valves, produces toxins and enzymes that kill and break down the tissue to cause holes in the valve, and spreads outside your heart and blood vessels. The resulting complications are: Embolism of material from the vegetation can get in the way of blood flow.

What is a chronic disease of the heart muscle with inflammation and weakness called? ›

Myocarditis is inflammation and weakness of the heart muscle usually caused by a viral infection that reaches the heart, such as the influenza (flu) virus, Coxsackie virus, and adenovirus. Myocarditis can damage the heart muscle causing it to become thick and swollen. This leads to symptoms of heart failure.

What is the name that refers specifically to the muscle of the heart? ›

The muscle layer of the heart is termed the myocardium and is made up of cardiomyocytes.

What is the medical term for inflammation of the heart muscle most often due to a virus? ›

Myocarditis occurs when the heart muscle (myocardium) becomes inflamed. Inflammation occurs when your body's immune system responds to infections, for example. Myocarditis can be caused by viral infections or more systemic inflammatory conditions such as autoimmune disorders.

What is the general term for all disorders that affect the heart muscle that can ultimately result in heart failure? ›

Any disorder that affects the heart muscle is called a cardiomyopathy. Cardiomyopathy causes the heart to lose its ability to pump blood well. In some cases, the heart rhythm also becomes disturbed. This leads to arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats).

What keeps harmful substances away from the brain? ›

A network of blood vessels and tissue that is made up of closely spaced cells and helps keep harmful substances from reaching the brain. The blood-brain barrier lets some substances, such as water, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and general anesthetics, pass into the brain.

Which term best describes the loss of mental ability to understand sensory stimuli? ›

agnosia: A loss of the ability to recognize objects, persons, sounds, shapes or smells without injury to the primary sensory organ or memory loss.

Which malignant tumor develops from bone marrow occurs most frequently in adolescent boys? ›

Osteosarcoma usually develops during the adolescent growth spurt (usually ages 13 to 16 in boys but a little younger in girls). It causes pain in the bone, which may be worse during exercise or at night. A lump or swelling may form.

What is a Hypokinetic disease? ›

Since "hypo" means too little, and "kinetic" means movement, the term hypokinetic means too little movement or activity. Thus hypokinetic disease is a condition associated with too little physical activity or exercise. Examples include heart disease, low back pain, and Type II diabetes.

What is considered a Hypokinetic disease? ›

Conditions associated with too little physical activity or exercise. Examples include heart disease, low back pain, and Type II diabetes.

What do Hypokinetic diseases result from? ›

Hypokinetic Disease; Diseases Produced by Lack of Exercise.

Is physical activity is crucial standard treatment in hypokinetic conditions? ›

Regular exercise and good fitness have been shown to be effective in alleviating symptoms and aiding rehabilitation after illness for such hypokinetic conditions as diabetes, heart attack, backpain and others.

How does lack of physical activity impact a person's likelihood of developing a disease? ›

Not getting enough physical activity can lead to heart disease—even for people who have no other risk factors. It can also increase the likelihood of developing other heart disease risk factors, including obesity, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, and type 2 diabetes.

What are 4 hypokinetic conditions? ›

Hypokinetic diseases encompass a range of medical conditions that afflict the world's population, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and obesity, to name only a few.

Which of the following is not considered a hypokinetic disease? ›

One kind of diabetes—Type I—is not a hypokinetic condition.

What beneficial proteins in the bloodstream that pick up cholesterol for removal by the liver are called? ›

HDL stands for high-density lipoproteins. It is sometimes called the "good" cholesterol because it carries cholesterol from other parts of your body back to your liver.

What is an example of a Hypokinetic disease quizlet? ›

Hypo- means "under" or "too little" and -kinetic means "movement" or "activity." Thus, hypokinetic means "too little activity." A hypokinetic disease or condition is associated with lack of physical activity or too little regular exercise. Examples include heart disease, low back pain, and Type II diabetes.

What are the characteristics symptoms of hyperkinetic syndrome? ›

A specific and common behavior disorder in children, the hyperkinetic syndrome, may be due to organic causes and is characterized by: hyperactivity; short attention span and poor powers of concentration; impulsiveness; irritability; explosiveness; variability; and poor school work.

What causes hyperkinetic disorder? ›

Hyperkinesia can be caused by a large number of different diseases including metabolic disorders, endocrine disorders, heritable disorders, vascular disorders, or traumatic disorders. Other causes include toxins within the brain, autoimmune disease, and infections, which include meningitis.

What causes people not to exercise? ›

The leading reasons include a lack of motivation, lack of funds, and lack of time. These issues do not have to prevent you from getting in shape, getting healthy, and realizing for yourself all the positive effects exercise can have on your life.

What are 3 diseases that can result from poor diet and physical inactivity? ›

The Harmful Effects of Poor Nutrition
  • Overweight and Obesity. Eating a healthy diet, along with getting enough physical activity and sleep, can help children grow up healthy and prevent overweight and obesity. ...
  • Heart Disease and Stroke. ...
  • Type 2 Diabetes. ...
  • Cancer.

What is hypokinetic in Parkinson's disease? ›

Hypokinesia is a primary motor control impairment associated with Parkinson disease, other parkinsonian-like conditions, and sometimes dementia. It is characterized by slow movement (bradykinesia) or no movement (akinesia). In Parkinson disease, hypokinesia co-occurs with tremor at rest and with rigidity.

How does hypokinetic diseases affect personal wellness? ›

A disease brought on, at least in part, by insufficient movement and exercise. Hypokinesis has been identified as an independent risk factor for the origin and progression of several widespread chronic diseases, including coronary heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and lower back pain.

What is the meaning of hyperkinetic? ›

Abstract. Hyperkinetic movements are unwanted or excess movements that are frequently seen in children with neurologic disorders. They are an important clinical finding with significant implications for diagnosis and treatment.

What causes hyperkinetic disease? ›

They can result from genetic abnormalities and neurodegenerative diseases; structural lesions; infection; drugs and toxins; or psychogenic causes (Table 2). However, in many cases they have no clear cause and are thus identified as idiopathic.

What causes Hyperkinesia? ›

Hyperkinesia can be caused by a large number of various diseases, including metabolic disorders, endocrine disruption, hereditary disorders, vascular disorders or traumatic disorders. Other causes include intoxication of the nervous system, autoimmune diseases and infections.

Is Hypokinesis of the heart serious? ›

This may sound scary, but, do not be too worried because your ejection fraction, which measures the effectiveness of your heart contractions, is still in the normal range (normal is at least 50%). So while you do have some deficits in your heart muscle's function, you are doing okay right now.

How do you treat Hypokinesis of the heart wall? ›

Left ventricular hypokinesia is usually corrected by addition of an inotropic agent to the hemodynamic support.

Can you live a long life with a low ejection fraction? ›

Additionally, how much blood a person's heart pumps out per beat, known as the ejection fraction (EF), may affect life expectancy. Doctors will note a patient's EF as a percentage, with a normal output falling between 50–70% . Patients with an EF under 40% may be at a greater risk of dying from CHF.

What are the 3 hypokinetic conditions? ›

Hypokinetic diseases encompass a range of medical conditions that afflict the world's population, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and obesity, to name only a few.


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